The life and career of malcolm x

However, some of his earlier experiences show the powers at play directly. Nation members silently left, after which the rest of the crowd also dispersed.

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Malcolm X parted ways from the organization in and undertook the hajj —the traditional Islamic pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for a comment he made regarding the assassination of President John F.

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He attended Mason High School where he was one of only a few black students. Christianity, for him, became nothing more than a mode of control the white man used on the blacks. He and the Nation of Islam were described as hatemongers, black supremacists, racists, violence-seekers, segregationists, and a threat to improved race relations. You have seen how throughout my life, I have often known unexpected drastic changes. Due primarily to the efforts of Malcolm X, the Nation of Islam grew from a mere members at the time he was released from prison in , to 40, members by However, some of his earlier experiences show the powers at play directly. These included the beliefs: that black people are the original people of the world [93] that white people are "devils" [94] that blacks are superior to whites, and that the demise of the white race is imminent.

He added that "chickens coming home to roost never did make me sad; they've always made me glad. Malcolm X urged black people to give up the Christian religion.

The life and career of malcolm x

After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. After quitting school, Malcolm X moved to Boston to live with his older half-sister, Ella, about whom he later recalled, "She was the first really proud black woman I had ever seen in my life. On the second of two visits to Africa in , he addressed the Organization of African Unity known as the African Union since , an intergovernmental group established to promote African unity, international cooperation, and economic development. He was second only to their leader. Reformed in prison In , at the age of twenty, Malcolm was sentenced to ten years in prison for burglary. His charisma, drive and conviction attracted an astounding number of new members. A few months later, he left the organization, traveled to Mecca, and discovered that orthodox Muslims preach equality of the races, which led him to abandon the argument that whites are devils. Malcolm's feelings of betrayal, combined with Muhammad's anger over Malcolm's insensitive comments regarding the assassination of John F. Furthermore, the coroner ruled that Stokes's killing was justified. John F. Indeed, the autobiography is as much a testament to Haley's ingenuity in shaping the manuscript as it is a record of Malcolm's attempt to tell his story. As a young black man in America, he was a man without a sense of true identity. One officer was disarmed by the crowd; his partner was shot in the elbow by a third officer.

Marable argues autobiographical "memoirs" are "inherently biased", representing the subject as he would appear with certain facts privileged, others deliberately omitted. Kennedyled Malcolm X to leave the Nation of Islam in Since joining the NOI, Malcolm had strictly adhered to the teachings of Muhammad — which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in Shortly after the Littles moved in, a racist mob set their house on fire inand the town's all-white emergency responders refused to do anything.

Nation of Islam Now a free man, Malcolm X traveled to Detroit, Michigan, where he worked with the leader of the Nation of Islam, Elijah Muhammadto expand the movement's following among black Americans nationwide. At this time in the United States there was a major movement for racial integration, or bringing the races together in peace.

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Foreshadowings of his martyrdom are found in The Autobiography of Malcolm X.

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Malcolm X Biography