Principles of language assessment essay

For example, does the test truthfully predict a person's ability to survive in basic Spanish?

principles of language assessment pdf

In language assessment, test makers believe on existence of several characteristics related to language behavior and learning. When the test makers interpret the results of assessment on basis of psychological constructs, they deal with construct-related evidence Heaton, ; Gronlund and Waugh, Glossary of testing terms with special reference to Language Testing Analytic marking scale This scale contains a set of criteria for marking a test.

practicality assessment examples

Direct testing and indirect testing are two ways in understanding the content validity. It makes use of quantitative methods e.

Why is it important for teachers to consider practicality and efficiency in selecting assessments

Pudyastuti Since the definition of assessment has been understood, the next items for teachers to comprehend are principles of language assessment. Two gained scores are then correlated. They should, therefore, undergo item analysis before they are given to candidates. London: Prentice Hall. Washback For further information on language testing terms refer to the Multilingual Glossary of Language Testing Terms and Davies et al It, then, turns out that by the end of teaching and learning process the students still achieve high scores. A test that provides beneficial washback: positively influences what and how teacher teach; positively influences what and how leaner learn; offers learners a chance to adequately prepare; gives learners feedback that enhances their language development; is more formative in nature than summative; provides conditions for peak performance by the learner. Heaton argues that if a test is examined by other people, some absurdities and ambiguities can be discovered. For example, a teacher-made test design is considered having concurrent validity when it has the same score with an existing valid test like TOEFL. Assessing Reading. Instead, the test should be practical across time, cost, and energy. Content-Relate Evidence If a test actually samples the subject matter about which conclusion are to be drawn, and if it requires the test-takers to perform the behavior that is being measured, it can claim content-related evidence of validity, often popularly referred to as content validity e.

Heaton, J. A good test should be valid or accurate.

Principles of language assessment essay

Bachman and Palmer as cited in Brown, 28 defined authenticity as the degree of correspondence of the characteristics of a given language test task to the features of a target language. A reliable test is consistent and dependable. Malang: State University of Malang Press. This means that the results of a test should be dependable. In large-scale assessment, wasback generally refers to the effects the test have on instruction in terms of how students prepare for the test. Open ended question See short answer question. An effective test is practical. The text gaps can be open-ended or have multiple-choice solutions or can be accompanied by a bank of possible answers from which the candidate can choose appropriate words or phrases. When the test makers interpret the results of assessment on basis of psychological constructs, they deal with construct-related evidence Heaton, ; Gronlund and Waugh, Davies, A. You will recall that in Chapter I it was noted that most classroom-based assessment with teacher-designed tests fits the concept of criterion-referenced assessment. Some say that this is a less reliable marking system than the analytic marking system.

If a speaking test appears in vocabulary items, it may not have face validity. Inter-rater reliability The agreement between one rater and another on a candidate's performance.

student related reliability

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Principles of assessment