So this is a book of the school of thought on strategy formation both in publication and in practice. The very encouragement of strategy to get on with it -- its very role in protecting people in the organization from distraction -- impedes their capacity to respond to changes in the environment.
We all know what a whole elephant is, yet we often have to describe it by its parts. Here the real strategy as plan, that is, the real intention is the threat, not the expansion itself, and as such is a ploy.
For the learning school, the world is too complex to allow strategies to be developed all at once as clear plans or visions. We function best when we can take some things for granted, at least for a time.
An elephant is more than that. Just ask those people who happily described their realized strategies over the past five years what their intended strategies were five years earlier.