Describe features of an inclusive setting for children
Advantages of inclusive education
The Special Educational Needs and Disability Act , and statutory guidance in the Special Educational Needs Codes of Practice , mean that the majority of children with special educational needs and disabilities are now educated in mainstream schools. The journey from full segregation to inclusion Special education commenced gradually in the s as a then-revolutionary idea that children who experience disability can and should receive some form of education. The concept of inclusion is commonly misunderstood and viewed as a process of assimilation. The Disability Discrimination Act made it unlawful for any setting to discriminate against a person on the basis of disability though with some caveats. Inclusion is not about viewing everyone as the same or providing the same work, but about providing the same opportunities and access to a high quality of education. This focuses on individual children and young people. If aides are employed they circulate around the classroom, or spend time assisting the teacher and making adaptations to materials, rather than being off in a corner with one particular child. By contrast, along with myriad other benefits of inclusion including social and communication development and more positive understandings of the self , inclusive teachers engage with all children more frequently and at a higher cognitive level, with important benefits to all. We must not make assumptions about children and young people. When challenging discrimination you must: Explain what has happened Tell them what effect is has on the individual Model ways to ensure anti-discriminatory practice When anti-discriminatory practice arises, you must speak to your manager or supervisor. His teacher introduced a unit on Auslan Australian sign language where all of the students learn about Auslan and learn new signs together each week. Inclusive education when practiced well is very important because: All children are able to be part of their community and develop a sense of belonging and become better prepared for life in the community as children and adults. Inclusive education is a way of thinking about how to be creative to make our schools a place where all children can participate. The social model of disability - inclusive practice is based upon the social model of disability.
The IQM team help schools evaluate and measure how they are performing; empowering them to improve and grow. For example, a child may require one-on-one assistance in a particular subject.
Importance of inclusive education
Children and young people look purposeful; they approach staff with confi dence. The child who experiences disability could be sitting in the same classroom, separate to his peers, with an aide who may or may not be using sign language. In education, an inclusive setting is a place such as a school or college where children of all abilities learn together. When children or young people feel they are being discriminated against they may experience: loss of self- esteem; disempowerment; confusion; anger; lack of motivation; depression. Types of discrimintation Direct discrimination: This happens when children and young people are not allowed to access part of the curriculum and school activities because of their particular situation such as race, gender or disability. This Act provides a single legal framework with clear legislation effectively to tackle disadvantage and discrimination. Widely available assistive technology Assistive technology should be readily provided to students to support their individual interests, styles, and educational needs. In the main, this was an important first step towards social justice for children who experience disability, who were previously routinely denied any formal education at all albeit with some exceptions.
His teachers completed a one-day keyword sign workshop at the start of the year. Barriers are identified and methods are come up with to remove them.
It also provides the opportunity to learn about and accept individual differences. Learning sign language in this way did not single him out. We will then be able to help pupils to make sense of their learning by making connections to their own lives.
Below is a list of the legislations which form the basic government statutory codes of practice and frameworks that school policies and procedures should have in relation to equality and inclusion. As a value, inclusive education reflects the expectation that we want all of our children to be appreciated and accepted throughout life.
Barriers are recognised and strategies used to remove them.
Report on inclusive education practices in the school
Once schools are inclusive, serious thought is given to how often a child may be out of regular classroom and the reasons that this may be happening It does not mean that children with certain characteristics for example, those who have disabilities are grouped together in separate classrooms for all or part of the school day. Register your school today and take the first step to become an IQM Inclusive school. In some places, children with disabilities receive teaching in a separate school. This may be informal or through a school council or form representatives. While the recent article on The Conversation claims to explore research on inclusive education, studies cited in that article explicitly represent examples of macro or micro exclusion. It also means finding ways to develop friendships, relationships and mutual respect between all children, and between children and teachers in the school. Where cultural diversity is only acknowledged through posters, or at only particular times of the year through festivals, it could be viewed as tokenism. What was it about the atmosphere which made you feel welcome and want to become part of the staff? Understanding and taking account of their background and culture is essential for us to build eff ective relationships and provide support. The ways in which these values are practiced are different depending on the type of organisation and its role in education. It does not, however, mean that individual children cannot leave the classroom for specific reasons. There are numerous positive effects of using this approach like a sudden boost of self-esteem, healthy intergroup relations, respect for academically handicapped students, positive attitude towards school, and the ability to work as a team player. The main provisions of the equality Act were introduced from October while the rest will be phased in over Prejudice is making assumptions about children or young people because they belong to a particular group.
There seems to be a lot of confusion and misinformation about what inclusion actually means. Lack of understanding of what inclusion is, and subsequent unwarranted fear of inclusion, are also significant barriers. There are numerous positive effects of using this approach like a sudden boost of self-esteem, healthy intergroup relations, respect for academically handicapped students, positive attitude towards school, and the ability to work as a team player.
Why is inclusion important
In many countries, explicit factors that lead to children being left out of mainstream education may include religion, race and social stigmas, such as HIV and AIDS. The schools surroundings reflect the diversity within the school. In the main, this was an important first step towards social justice for children who experience disability, who were previously routinely denied any formal education at all albeit with some exceptions. Supports for inclusion are embedded within everyday practices. For example, a pupil with English as an additional language will receive language support in the classroom. No matter the organisation the child should always be the centre of practice. Children and young people feel confident when they approach a member of staff. Definition "Inclusive" means that anyone can participate. This may be informal or through a school council or form representatives. Discrimination can be intentional or just ignorance and a lack of understanding. Understanding and taking account of their background and culture is essential for us to build eff ective relationships and provide support. This will demonstrate that we are not only valuing the culture of groups but also supporting all pupils to explore and understand cultures which are diff erent from their own. Latest technology such as adaptive pencil grips, interactive applications, child-friendly communication tools and colour overlays are all useful to make it easier for children with special needs to engage in school discussions and take part in activities as well. An inclusive setting is one which uses a whole-school approach to learning.
based on 108 review