Biological theories of emotion and stress

lazarus theory of emotion

The secondary emotions are those that have a major cognitive component. In support of the James-Lange theory, there is at least some evidence that arousal is necessary for the experience of emotion, and that the patterns of arousal are different for different emotions.

Our bodies respond in the way that they do to the perception of a snake because snakes are dangerous, and so danger is what the mental state is representing a, p. One example, noted by Darwin in The Origin of Species, is the skull sutures in newborns: The sutures in the skulls of young mammals have been advanced as a beautiful adaptation for aiding parturition [that is, live birth], and no doubt they facilitate, or may be indispensable for this act; but as sutures occur in the skulls of young birds and reptiles, which have only to escape from a broken egg, we may infer that this structure has arisen from the laws of growth, and has been taken advantage of in the parturition of the higher animals p.

Human Nature, 1, — Rather, the individual has acquired the emotion from some sub-population of society or a peer-group that the individual identifies with b. C: American Ethnological Society. The idea is that because cognitions are such strong determinants of emotional states, the same state of physiological arousal could be labelled in many different ways, depending entirely on the label provided by the social situation.

Making this evaluation sometimes requires a subtle understanding of what the emotion-causing stimulus is. The third theorist in this group, Antonio Damasio, is also able to account for the intentionality of the mental state that is caused by feedback from the body.

Theories of emotions in psychology

James Averill ; see also has identified the rules for anger, some of which are listed here: A person has the right duty to become angry at intentional wrongdoing or at unintentional misdeeds if those misdeeds are correctable for example, due to negligence, carelessness, or oversight. The James-Lange theory proposes the emotion is the result of arousal. It must be constructed so that it quickly attends to some stimuli, determining not only that they pertain to emotion, but to which emotion, and then activating the appropriate part of the affect programme , p. The causal order is important, emotion is a psychosomatic state, a bodily state caused by an attitude, in this case an evaluative attitude , pp. Emotions also have a relatively brief duration—on the order of seconds or minutes—whereas moods last much longer. By being able to interpret correctly the emotional displays of other people and animals, you can respond correctly and avoid danger. Maybe there's some changes going on in your brain in terms of your neurotransmitters.
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Theories of Emotion